The Catholic Enlightenment: The Forgotten History of a Global Movement
 
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ISBN13:9780190912284
ISBN10:0190912286
Binding:Paperback
No. of pages:272 pages
Size:234x155x15 mm
Weight:408 g
Language:English
257
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The Catholic Enlightenment

The Forgotten History of a Global Movement
 
Publisher: OUP USA
Date of Publication:
 
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Short description:

The most cherished values of modernity are unthinkable without the eighteenth-century Enlightenment. Equal rights, the end of discrimination, the growth of democracy, and the idea of perpetual progress stem from thinkers who lived two hundred and fifty years ago, but whose ideas are as attractive as ever. Ulrich Lehner argues that, while Catholic beliefs are commonly assumed to be at odds with modernity, most of the progressive reforms associated with the Enlightenment actually began to take shape during the Catholic counter-Reformation two centuries earlier, and were staunchly defended by enlightened Catholics during the eighteenth century. This is the forgotten story of an open-minded Catholicism, which was later snuffed out, and reemerged after Vatican II.

Long description:
"Whoever needs an act of faith to elucidate an event that can be explained by reason is a fool, and unworthy of reasonable thought." This line, spoken by the notorious 18th-century libertine Giacomo Casanova, illustrates a deeply entrenched perception of religion, as prevalent today as it was hundreds of years ago. It is the sentiment behind the narrative that Catholic beliefs were incompatible with the Enlightenment ideals. Catholics, many claim, are superstitious and traditional, opposed to democracy and gender equality, and hostile to science. It may come as a surprise, then, to learn that Casanova himself was a Catholic. In The Catholic Enlightenment, Ulrich L. Lehner points to such figures as representatives of a long-overlooked thread of a reform-minded Catholicism, which engaged Enlightenment ideals with as much fervor and intellectual gravity as anyone. Their story opens new pathways for understanding how faith and modernity can interact in our own time.

Lehner begins two hundred years before the Enlightenment, when the Protestant Reformation destroyed the hegemony Catholicism had enjoyed for centuries. During this time the Catholic Church instituted several reforms, such as better education for pastors, more liberal ideas about the roles of women, and an emphasis on human freedom as a critical feature of theology. These actions formed the foundation of the Enlightenment's belief in individual freedom. While giants like Spinoza, Locke, and Voltaire became some of the most influential voices of the time, Catholic Enlighteners were right alongside them. They denounced fanaticism, superstition, and prejudice as irreconcilable with the Enlightenment agenda.

In 1789, the French Revolution dealt a devastating blow to their cause, disillusioning many Catholics against the idea of modernization. Popes accumulated ever more power and the Catholic Enlightenment was snuffed out. It was not until the Second Vatican Council in 1962 that questions of Catholicism's compatibility with modernity would be broached again.

Ulrich L. Lehner tells, for the first time, the forgotten story of these reform-minded Catholics. As Pope Francis pushes the boundaries of Catholicism even further, and Catholics once again grapple with these questions, this book will prove to be required reading.

Aside from its compelling conclusion, The Catholic Enlightenment's impartiality remains its greatest strength. Lehner attempts to stand above much of the historiographical in-fighting that has marked Enlightenment studies in the twenty-first century. The benefit is a measured book that, when it reaches paperback, will be a standard for courses on the history of Catholicism, and the Enlightenment it is a book that deserves the strong readership that it will no doubt receive."-Grant Kaplan, Modern Theology
Table of Contents:
Introduction: Progress and Catholicism--Oil and Water?
Chapter 1: Catholic Enlighteners Around the Globe
Chapter 2: The Catholic Learning Curve: Toleration and Tolerance
Chapter 3: Feminism, Freedom, Faith: Catholic Women and the Enlightenment
Chapter 4: Catholic Enlightenment in the Americas, China, and India
Chapter 5: Devils, Demons, and the Divine in the Catholic Enlightenment
Chapter 6: Saints and Sinners
Chapter 7: Slaves, Servants, and Savages: Slavery in Catholic Countries
Conclusion: The Death of Catholic Enlightenment and the Beginning of a Papal Catholicism
Afterword
Notes
Bibliography
Index