Brilliance in Exile: The Diaspora of Hungarian Scientists from John von Neumann to Katalin Karikó

Brilliance in Exile

The Diaspora of Hungarian Scientists from John von Neumann to Katalin Karikó
 
Publisher: Central European University Press
Date of Publication:
 
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Product details:

ISBN13:9789633866061
ISBN10:9633866065
Binding:Paperback
No. of pages:342 pages
Size:228x152x18 mm
Weight:531 g
Language:English
Illustrations: 140 b&w illus. Illustrations, black & white
1032
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Long description:

By addressing the enigma of the exceptional success of Hungarian emigrant scientists and telling their life stories, Brilliance in Exile combines scholarly analysis with fascinating portrayals of uncommon personalities. István and Balazs Hargittai discuss the conditions that led to five different waves of emigration of scientists from the early twentieth century to the present. Although these exodes were driven by a broad variety of personal motivations, the attraction of an open society with inclusiveness, tolerance, and ? needless to say ? better circumstances for working and living, was the chief force drawing them abroad.


While emigration from East to West is a general phenomenon, this book explains why and how the emigration of Hungarian scientists is distinctive. The high number of Nobel Prizes among this group is only one indicator. Multicultural tolerance, a quickly emerging, considerably Jewish, urban middle class, and a very effective secondary school system were positive legacies of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. Multiple generations, shaped by these conditions, suffered from the increasingly exclusionist, intolerant, antisemitic, and economically stagnating environment, and chose to go elsewhere. "I would rather have roots than wings, but if I cannot have roots, I shall use wings," explained Leo Szilard, one of the fathers of the Atom Bomb.



[The authors] "have documented a history of Hungary's intellectual legacy that is both fascinating and tragic ? and, it must sadly be said, one that remains poignantly relevant today." 

?Philip Ball

"The contributions of Hungarians to world science and mathematics almost defy belief." 

?Kenneth W. Ford, author of Building the H bomb

"Reading like a collection of fifty one-act plays, the brilliance of its characters leaves one at a loss for words at the unknown talent that was extinguished, and the danger of repeating the mistake." 

?George Dyson, author of Turing's Cathedral
Table of Contents:

Foreword (Ivan T. Berend)





Introduction


Preface


Joseph A. Galamb


Philipp Lenard





Part 1, Early 1920s


Introduction: Fleeing


Ervin Bauer


Stephen Brunauer


Ladislaus Farkas


Dennis Gabor


George de Hevesy


Theodore von Kármán


Arthur Koestler


Stephen W. Kuffler


Nicholas Kurti


Cornelius Lanczos


John von Neumann


Egon Orowan


Michael Polanyi


George Pólya


Elizabeth Rona


Leo Szilard


Maria Telkes


Edward Teller


Eugene P. Wigner


"Control"?Imre Bródy





Part 2, Late 1930s ? Early 1940s


Introduction: Before It Is Too Late


Michael and Alice Balint


Ladislao José Biro


Paul Erdos


John G. Kemeny


Olga Kennard


Peter D. Lax


George J. Popjak


Valentine L. Telegdi


Laszlo Tisza





Part 3, Immediate Post-World War II


Introduction: Post-War and Pre-Soviet Trauma,


Endre A. Balazs


Zoltan Bay


Georg von Békésy


Lars Ernster


John C. Harsanyi


Avram Hershko


Georg and Eva Klein


Albert Szent-Györgyi





Part 4, 1956


Introduction: In the Wake of Suppressed Revolution


Laszlo Z. Bito


Andy Grove


Peter Lengyel


Joseph Nagyvary


George A. Olah


Gabor A. Somorjai





Part 5, 19571989


Introduction: Escape from "Paradise"


Gyorgy Buzsaki


Gabor Fodor


Katalin Karikó


Charles Simonyi


Agnes Ullmann


"Control"?Árpád Furka





Conclusion: Thirty Years Later, and Continuing


 


Acknowledgments


Bibliography


Index of Names