The Indo-European Controversy: Facts and Fallacies in Historical Linguistics

The Indo-European Controversy

Facts and Fallacies in Historical Linguistics
 
Kiadó: Cambridge University Press
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A kedvezmény érvényes eddig: 2020. december 31.
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A termék adatai:

ISBN13:9781107665385
ISBN10:1107665388
Kötéstípus:Puhakötés
Terjedelem:336 oldal
Méret:230x153x18 mm
Súly:520 g
Nyelv:angol
Illusztrációk: 6 b/w illus. 38 maps 9 tables
749
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Rövid leírás:

This book challenges media-celebrated evolutionary studies linking Indo-European languages to Neolithic Anatolia, instead defending traditional practices in historical linguistics.

Hosszú leírás:
Over the past decade, a group of prolific and innovative evolutionary biologists has sought to reinvent historical linguistics through the use of phylogenetic and phylogeographical analysis, treating cognates like genes and conceptualizing the spread of languages in terms of the diffusion of viruses. Using these techniques, researchers claim to have located the origin of the Indo-European language family in Neolithic Anatolia, challenging the near-consensus view that it emerged in the grasslands north of the Black Sea thousands of years later. But despite its widespread celebration in the global media, this new approach fails to withstand scrutiny. As languages do not evolve like biological species and do not spread like viruses, the model produces incoherent results, contradicted by the empirical record at every turn. This book asserts that the origin and spread of languages must be examined primarily through the time-tested techniques of linguistic analysis, rather than those of evolutionary biology.

'This book provides an excellent guide to what can and what can't be done in historical linguistics and Indo-European studies, and it offers a much-needed counterblast to much recent work in the field.' James Clackson, University of Cambridge
Tartalomjegyzék:
Introduction: the Indo-European debate and why it matters; Part I. The Vexatious History of Indo-European Studies: 1. Ideology and interpretation from the 1700s to the 1970s; 2. Anatolia vs the Steppes; Part II. The Failings of the Bayesian Phylogenetic Research Program: 3. What theory we want and what theory we get; 4. Linguistic fallacies of the Bayesian phylogenetic model; 5. Dating problems of the Bayesian phylogenetic model; 6. The historical-geographical failure of the Bayesian phylogenetic model; 7. Unwarranted assumptions; Part III. Searching for Indo-European Origins: 8. Why linguists don't do dates? Or do they?; 9. Triangulating the Indo-European homeland; 10. The non-mystery of Indo-European expansion; 11. Whither historical linguistics?; Conclusion: what is at stake in the Indo-European debate.