Motivation, Effort, and the Neural Network Model

Motivation, Effort, and the Neural Network Model

 
Kiadás sorszáma: 1st ed. 2020
Kiadó: Springer
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A termék adatai:

ISBN13:9783030587239
ISBN10:3030587231
Kötéstípus:Keménykötés
Terjedelem:168 oldal
Méret:235x155 mm
Nyelv:angol
Illusztrációk: 1 Illustrations, black & white; 3 Illustrations, color
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Rövid leírás:

Our understanding of how the human brain operates and completes its essential tasks continues is fundamentally altered from what it was ten years ago. We have moved from an understanding based on the modularity of key structural components and their specialized functions to an almost diametrically opposed, highly integrated neural network model, based on a vertically organized brain dependent on  small world hub principles. This new understanding completely changes how we understand essential psychological constructs such as motivation.



Network modeling posits that motivation is a construct that describes a modified aspect of the operation of the human learning system that is specifically designed to cause a person to pursue a goal. Anthropologically and developmentally,  these goals were initially basic, including things like food, shelter and reproduction. Over the course of time and development they develop into a complex web of extrinsic and then intrinsic goals, objectives and values. The core for all of this development is  the inborn  flight or fight reaction has been modified over time by a combination of inborn human temperamental characteristics and life experiences. This process of  modification is, in part, based on the operation of a network based error-prediction network working in concert with the reward network to produce a system of ever evolving valuations of goals and objectives. These valuations are never truly fixed. They are constantly evolving, being modified and shaped by experience. The error prediction network and learning related networks work in concert with the limbic system to allow affect laden experiences to inform the process of valuation. These networks, operating in concert, produce a cognitive process we call motivation. Like most networks, the motivation system of networks is recruited when the task demands of the situation require them. 



Understanding motivation from this perspective has profound implications for many scientific disciplines in general and psychology in specific. Psychologically, this new understanding will alter how we understand client behavior in therapy and when being evaluated. This new understanding will provide direction for new therapeutic intervention for a variety of disorders of mental health. It will also inform testing practices concerning the evaluation of effort and malingering.  



This book is not a project in reductionism. It is the polar opposite. A neural network understanding of the operation of the human brain allows for the integration of what has come before into a comprehensive and integrated model. It will likely provide the basis for future research for years to come.

Hosszú leírás:

Our understanding of how the human brain operates and completes its essential tasks continues is fundamentally altered from what it was ten years ago. We have moved from an understanding based on the modularity of key structural components and their specialized functions to an almost diametrically opposed, highly integrated neural network model, based on a vertically organized brain dependent on  small world hub principles. This new understanding completely changes how we understand essential psychological constructs such as motivation.



Network modeling posits that motivation is a construct that describes a modified aspect of the operation of the human learning system that is specifically designed to cause a person to pursue a goal. Anthropologically and developmentally,  these goals were initially basic, including things like food, shelter and reproduction. Over the course of time and development they develop into a complex web of extrinsic and then intrinsic goals, objectives and values. The core for all of this development is  the inborn  flight or fight reaction has been modified over time by a combination of inborn human temperamental characteristics and life experiences. This process of  modification is, in part, based on the operation of a network based error-prediction network working in concert with the reward network to produce a system of ever evolving valuations of goals and objectives. These valuations are never truly fixed. They are constantly evolving, being modified and shaped by experience. The error prediction network and learning related networks work in concert with the limbic system to allow affect laden experiences to inform the process of valuation. These networks, operating in concert, produce a cognitive process we call motivation. Like most networks, the motivation system of networks is recruited when the task demands of the situation require them. 

Understanding motivation from this perspective has profound implications for many scientific disciplines in general and psychology in specific. Psychologically, this new understanding will alter how we understand client behavior in therapy and when being evaluated. This new understanding will provide direction for new therapeutic intervention for a variety of disorders of mental health. It will also inform testing practices concerning the evaluation of effort and malingering.  

This book is not a project in reductionism. It is the polar opposite. A neural network understanding of the operation of the human brain allows for the integration of what has come before into a comprehensive and integrated model. It will likely provide the basis for future research for years to come.

Tartalomjegyzék:

Chapter 1. How Neural Networks Work; Chapter.- Chapter 2. Small World Hub, Vertical Brain Modeling of Motivation and Effort.- Chapter 3. Motivation and Gating.- Section 2. Motivation and Effort Reimagined.- Chapter 4. Traditional models of Motivation.- Chapter 5. Traditional Models of Effort.- Chapter 6. The Reward Recognition Network and its Role in Motivation and Effor.- Chapter 7. Is Motivation a State or a Trait.- Chapter 8. Task Dependent Motivation and Effort.- Section 3. Effort Testing Forensic Practice.- Chapter 9. Current models of Effort Testing.- Chapter 10. Reformulated Models of Effort Testing.- Chapter 11. Implications for Psychological and Neuropsychological testing.- Chapter 12. Implications for Forensic Practice.- Section 4. Motivation and Clinical practice.- Chapter 13. How to use the reformulated Model of Motivation in Clinical Practice.- Chapter 14. Encouraging the Development of targeted Motivation.